Nelson Mandela, who battled apartheid in South Africa before becoming its first democratic leader, died at his home in South Africa after several months of ongoing health problems. He was 95.
Mandela was born on July 18, 1918, in the village of Mvezo. He moved to Johannesburg at age 23.
One of the nation’s first black lawyers, he joined the African National Congress in 1952 and devoted his life to peacefully ending apartheid.
But in 1960, after 69 peaceful black protesters were killed by white South African police in the infamous Sharpeville massacre, Mandela moved to violence.
He took his fight to the streets and lived on the run. But in 1962 he was captured, convicted and sentenced two years later to life in prison for sabotage and conspiracy.
He remained in prison for 27 years.
In 1994 he became the South Africa’s President and stayed in office until 1999.
He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.